Tuesday, 17 July 2012

Abolfazl Beyhaghi ابوالفضل بیهقی, historian

Abolfazl Beyhaghi ابوالفضل بیهقی, historian

Abul-Fazl Bayhaqī (Persian: ابوالفضل بیهقی‎, Ibn Zeyd ibn Muhammad Abul-Fazl Mohammad ibn Hossein ibn Soleyman Ayyoub Ansari Evesi Khazimi Bayhaqī Shafe'i), was a Persianhistorian and author.[1]
He wrote the famous work of Persian literature Tarikh-e Mas'oudi ("Masoudian History", also known as "Tārīkh-e Bayhaqī").
Bayhaqi was born in the village Haares-Abad of Bayhaq in Khorasan Province nearSabzevar. He studied various sciences in Neishabur city, and then he was employed as a clerk in the Secretariat of King Mahmud. Abolfazl could show his efficiency there.
In 1039 his master and chief Bu-Nasr Moshkan passed and a few years later King Abd ul-Rashid elected him as the chief of the Royal Secretariat.
After the retirement in 1058, Bayhaqi started the editing of his daily notes and historical data and published them in a book, named it "Tarikh-e Baihaqi".
His book is one of the most creditable sources about the Ghaznavid Empire, and his fluent prose style has made the book considerable in Persian literature too.
In his book he has a famous chapter about the execution of Hasanak vazir.


  1.  An Oriental Samuel Pepys? Abuʾl-Faḍl Bayhaqī's Memoirs of Court Life in Eastern Iran and Afghanistan, 1030-1041, C. Edmund Bosworth, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Apr., 2004), 13.
  • E.G. Browne. Literary History of Persia. (Four volumes, 2,256 pages, and twenty-five years in the writing). 1998. ISBN 0-7007-0406-X
  • Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. ASIN B-000-6BXVT-K
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